Friday, October 10, 2008

Wu (region)

Wu or Wuyueh is a region in the Jiangnan area , surrounding Suzhou, in Jiangsu province and Zhejiang province of China. It is also the abbreviation of several kingdoms based in Wu. The two largest cities in the Wu region today are Shanghai and Hangzhou . Most of the region speaks the .

The first Wu nation was established in late Zhou Dynasty. Once considered as a foreign kingdom to Kingdom Zhou, it emerged to be a power overlord at the end of Spring and Autumn Period.

The most influential Wu nation was the Kingdom of Wu during the period of Three Kingdoms.

The city of Suzhou has traditionally been the capital of the Wu nations. The dialect spoken in Suzhou is usually regarded as the standard .

Go-on , which is one of the sources of Japanese pronunciation for kanji , is sometimes said to have originated from this region. The ''Go-'' component in the name ''Go-on'' is cognate to the Chinese word ''Wu'' .

Wangshi Series

The Wangshi Series is a late Cretaceous sedimentary found in Shandong and Jiangsu provinces in eastern . It has been estimated as Campanian in age. Dinosaurs recovered include the large theropod ''Chingkankousaurus'', which is posibly synonymous with ''Tarbosaurus'', as well as herbivororous hadrosaurs ''Tanius'', ''Shantungosaurus'', and ''Tsintaosaurus''.


Suhang is the region of China encompassing the cities of Suzhou and Hangzhou (in the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang, respectively.

There is a Chinese saying, , referring to the legendary beauty of this region.

Socotra Rock

''You may be looking for Socotra in the Indian Ocean''

Socotra Rock is a 4.6 meters below sea level located in the East China Sea. The rock is the subject of a territorial dispute between South Korea, which considers it to lie within its exclusive economic zone, referring to it as Ieodo or Parangdo , and , which considers it to lie within its exclusive economic zone and refers to it as Suyan Rock . The rock currently serves as the foundation for the Korean Ieodo Ocean Research Station. A helipad is also located there to allow the research station to be serviced.

The rock is located 149 km southwest of Marado, Korea, and 245 km northeast of Haijiao Island, China. It is approximately 275 kilometers from the nearest Japanese island, .


A possible reference to the rock exists in the the ancient book ''Shan Hai Jing'', which mentions a "Su Rock" in the East China Sea. However, it is unclear if this refers to Socotra Rock, since the book includes material. There is also no evidence that the island was ever inhabitated.

Both "Parangdo" and "Ieodo" are names for the mythical island residents of believed to house the spirits of fishermen who perished at sea. The South Korean government has asserted a direct connection between these legends and the modern-day rock, claiming that the traditional saying that "one who sees Parangdo can never return" refers to the danger facing sailors when high waves allow the rock to break the surface.

*China's Ming Dynasty nautical book ''Shun Feng Xiang Song'' records: "Ancient Japanese come to China, if they pass by the 'Suyan', it means they are far from Japan and will see the Grand Tang dynasty soon." However, it is unclear if 'Suyan' was Socotra Rock. Also, it is not evidence that the underwater reef was occupied by China in old times. The book now is kept in Bodleian Library of Oxford University.

*1880-1890 Some argues that Beiyang Fleet of China mapped Socotra Rock.
*1900: Socotra Rock was discovered by the merchant vessel ''Socotra''. This was not recognized by the PRC or other neighboring countries.
*1963: Yuejin shipwreck: The Chinese vessel "Yuejin" sank on her maiden voyage en route from Qingdao to Nagoya after striking an underwater object. The crew of the ship claimed to have been attacked by a torpedo, causing an international incident. It was later found that due to a navigational error by the crew, the "Yuejin" had actually struck Socotra Rock which was marked on navigational charts at the time. This was not recognized by the Korea or other neighboring countries.
*1963 5.1-6.3,Shanghai Riverway Bureau fleet found the shipwreck 1.5 sea miles southeast of Socotra Rock. This move was not recognised by the Korea.
*1970: South Korea's Underwater Resource Development Law was enacted, defining Socotra Rock to lie within the country's 4th mining field.

Some point out that Marado is the southernmost land of Korea, since there is a stele carved "the southernmost of Korea". It is also a slogan for local travel attraction. Socotra Rock's location is further south than Marado.

Notes & References



Simplified Chinese沈高
Traditional Chinese沈高
Hanyu Pinyinshēngāo
Area56 km?
CPC SecretaryChen Zhonghua

Shengao town is a township in Jiangyan city, , Jiangsu province. It is called the ''hometown of fish and rice'' because of the high quality of the fish and rice production in the town. It is among the first of the opening cities designated by the .


Shengao town is located right north of Jiangyan city downtown. Nanjing-Qidong railway and Yangzhou Canal pass across the town from east to west. The Nanjing-Yancheng highway and Jiangyan-Qingtong river also go through the town from south-to-north, providing a very good transportation network. It makes Shengao a better position atop of many other towns.


Shengao is famous for its 'green agriculture' and scenery. Organic food, such as vegetables, fish, shrimps, and crabs are the main output in its agriculture sector. Some of the well-known brands are 'Heheng' rice=, 'Santai' pickles, and 'Ruchun' preserved duck eggs. There are 10 categories of food qualified to use the national 'Green Food' symbol, and most of these are products of Jiangsu province.

Industry in Shengao is developing.

In June 1995, when Jiang Chunyun, vice-chairman of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress visited Shengao, he pointed out ''Shengao is an example of modern agriculture, and the experience of developing of agriculture is very convincing and has a say in the national wide''.
Shengao has a total GDP 38.1 million and a tax income 1.8 million . This year, Shengao was named a good example of Dainan and Zhangguo style towns by the Secretary General and mayor of Taizhou.


In 1990, Heheng village in Jiangyan city was awarded ''Global 500 Roll of Honor'' by the United Nations Environment Programme because of its success in protecting the environment while increasing the grain yield and its wide use of marsh biogas ponds.


* Shengao
* Dantang
* Lianmeng
* Wanzhong
* Guanzhuang
* Jiahe
* Shuangxin
* Xiazhu
* Heheng
* Fengzhuang
* Tianmin
* Houbao
* Huayang
* Xiabei : Seat of Townhall.
* Zhaoxing
Postal Code: 225538


* Jiangyan Hengyuan Clothing Corp
* Jiangyan Huanqiu Auto Corp
* Jiangsu Kangjian Medical Instrument Ltd
* Jiangyan Xinkang Medical Instrument Ltd
* 江苏百灵农化有限公司
* 江苏动物药品厂有限公司
* 江苏新华袜厂
* 泰州市华隆针织有限公司
* 江苏金刚针织有限公司
* 姜堰市新型纺织有限公司
* Jiangsu Santai Pickle and Researve Food Ltd
* 姜堰市鑫生园食品有限公司
* 姜堰市明珠米厂
* 姜堰市明牛乳业有限公司
* 泰州正荣特种禽业发展有限公司
* 泰州市河横家禽育种有限公司


* Xinkang Holiday Hotel
Xinkang Holiday Hotel was founded by the CEO of Jiangyan Xinkang Medical Instrument Ltd. The total investment was 600 million with a standard of three-star hotel. With a total area of 5,600 m?, it includes facilities for business lodging, dining, leisure, and convention centers. It has highly improved the reception capability of Heheng village and promoted its distinctive rural tourism attractions.


* Shengao Zhongxue
* Shengao Career Training High School

Port of Suzhou

Port of Suzhou is an important inland river transport hub. It is in situated in Jiangsu province. It consist of three ports in Zhangjiagang, Changshu and Taicang on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The total cargo throughput of 127 million tons in 2006. It is the largest inland river port in China. The majority of the port trade is in coal, ore, steel, and construction materials such as cement.

Port Infrastructure

Port of Suzhou consist of 132 production berths in total, 80 of them being above ten thousand tons in tonnage. The port has trade with 90 international and domestic shipping lines.

Politics of Jiangsu

The politics of Jiangsu Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

The Governor of Jiangsu is the highest ranking official in the People's Government of Jiangsu. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor has less power than the Jiangsu Communist Party of China Provincial Committee Secretary, colloquially termed the "Jiangsu CPC Party Chief".

List of the CPC Jiangsu Committee Secretaries

#Ke Qingshi : 1952-1954
#Jiang Weiqing : 1954-1967
#Xu Shiyou : 1970-1973
#Peng Chong : 1974-1977
#Xu Jiatun : 1977-1983
#Han Peixin : 1983-1989
#Shen Daren : 1989-1993
#Chen Huanyou : 1993-2000
#Hui Liangyu : 2000-2002
#Li Yuanchao : 2002-2007
#Liang Baohua : 2007-incumbent

List of the Governors of Jiangsu

#Tan Zhenlin : 1952-1955
#Hui Yuyu : 1955-1967
#Xu Shiyou : 1968-1973
#Peng Chong : 1974-1977
#Xu Jiatun : 1977-1979
#Hui Yuyu : 1979-1982
#Han Peixin : 1982-1983
#Gu Xiulian : 1983-1989
#Chen Huanyou : 1989-1994
#Chen Silin : 1994-1998
#Ji Yunshi : 1998-2002
#Liang Baohua : 2002-January 2008
#Luo Zhijun : January 2008-incumbent

List of the Chairmen of Jiangsu People's Congress

#Xu Jiatun : 1979-1983
#Chu Jiang : 1983-1988
#Han Peixin : 1988-1993
#Shen Daren : 1993-1998
#Chen Huanyou : 1998-2003
#Li Yuanchao : 2003-2007
#Wang Shouting : 2007-incumbent

List of the Chairmen of CPPCC Jiangsu Committee

#Jiang Weiqing : 1955-1967
#Xu Jiatun : 1977-1979
#Hui Yuyu : 1979
#Bao Houchang : 1979-1983
#Qian Zhonghan : 1983-1989
#Sun Han : 1989-1998
#Cao Keming : 1998-2003
#Xu Zhonglin : 2003-incumbent